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20. HIV Prevention, Diagnosis, Treatment and Care for Key Populations and Programme Evaluation
July 8 @ 12:00 am UTC+0
The aim of this course is to provide participants with practical guidance on how to design, implement and evaluate HIV prevention and treatment programmes in key populations, primarily men who have sex with men (MSM), people who inject drugs (PWID), female sex workers (FSW) and people in prisons.
The course starts with an outline of the current evidence of effectiveness of biological, behavioural and structural HIV prevention strategies in key populations, obtained mainly from systematic reviews and meta-analysis. Participants will be given an opportunity to share their own country-specific experiences in implementation and evaluation of HIV programmes among populations at higher risk of HIV on the first day, and challenges that have been encountered.
The course will further address specific interventions that are effective in HIV prevention and treatment in MSM, PWID, FSW and people in prisons, along with critical enables required for successful implementation, priority setting process, planning services and target setting with indicators. Presentations on HIV programming in key populations will draw on the WHO Consolidated Guidelines for HIV Prevention, Diagnosis, Treatment and Care for Key Populations and primarily describe health sector interventions such as condom use, pre-exposure prophylaxis (PreP) for MSM and sero-discordant couples, post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP), harm reduction for PWID, different approaches used in HIV testing and counselling, prevention and management of co-infections and co-morbidities and sexual and reproductive health interventions. Participants will also learn which strategies can improve service delivery, such as integration, decentralization and task shifting.
The next part of the course will present methods of evaluation of HIV programmes, from those that rely on programmatic and surveillance data to more complex approaches which use prospectively collected data, randomized trial and other experimental designs. The issues to be addressed include the selection of the study population, sampling, statistical inference and measuring outcomes and impact. The key part of the course is a group or individual work which consists of development of a protocol that participants will present at the end of the course. Participants can choose the topic of the protocol – either for design and implementation of HIV interventions or for evaluation of a programme or interventions. While developing the protocol proposals, it is important to take into account specific contextual issues in countries and the heterogeneity of key populations, epidemiological and social context and the current coverage levels with interventions.
- Current evidence of efficacy and effectiveness of biological, behavioural and structural HIV prevention and treatment interventions in key populations
- Constructing a cascade of HIV prevention, care and treatment in key populations with examples
- Planning and implementing comprehensive HIV programmes in MSM, PWID, FSW and people in prisons
- Key factors to consider when providing services to key populations (access, acceptability and affordability)
- Methods used to design evaluation studies (cross-sectional studies, cohort studies, randomized control trials and other experimental designs)
- Monitoring and evaluation of ART programmes, including HIV care and treatment indicators
- Measuring coverage with HIV interventions using population size estimation methods (census and enumeration, capture-recapture, multiplier method, network scale-up)
The course consists of lectures, exercises and case studies. It is designed to provide participants with practical skills and knowledge in development, implementation and evaluation of HIV interventions in key populations.
An important part of the course is a group or individual work during which participants will develop protocols for design of HIV interventions or evaluation of HIV programmes/ interventions. Participants are encouraged to work on a protocol which they can later on use in their countries. The protocols will be presented by participants during the final day of the workshop.
Professionals working on planning, implementation and evaluation of HIV prevention and treatment programmes
- Global Health Sciences, University of California, San Francisco, USA
This course was held in:
- Zagreb, Croatia